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4.4: Some Consequences

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    There are a few good reasons why the dependence in the solution is on \(k a\), \(κ a\) and \(κ_0a\): These are all dimensionless numbers, and mathematical relations can never depend on parameters that have a dimension! For the case of the even solutions, the ones with \(B_2= 0\), we find that the number of bound states is determined by how many times we can fit \(2π\) into \(κ_0 a\). Since \(κ_0\) is proportional to (the square root) of \(V_0\), we find that increasing \(V_0\) increases the number bound states, and the same happens when we increase the width \(a\). Rewriting \(κ_0\) a slightly we find that the governing parameter is

    \[\sqrt{ \dfrac{2 m}{ℏ^2} V_0 a^2}\]

    so that a factor of two change in \(a\) is the same as a factor four change in \(V_0\).

    If we put the two sets of solutions on top of one another we see that after every even solution we get an odd solution, and vice versa. There is always at least one solution (the lowest even one), but the first odd solution only occurs when \(κ_0 a=π\).

    This page titled 4.4: Some Consequences is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Niels Walet via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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