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13.8: The RLC Parallel Rejector Circuit

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  • In the circuit below, the magnitude of the admittance is least for certain values of the parameters. When you tune a radio set, you are changing the overlap area (and hence the capacitance) of the plates of a variable air-spaced capacitor so that the admittance is a minimum for a given frequency, so as to ensure the highest potential difference across the circuit. This resonance, as we shall see, does not occur for an angular frequency of exactly \(1/\sqrt{LC}\), but at an angular frequency that is approximately this if the resistance is small.

    The admittance is


    After some routine algebra (multiply top and bottom by the conjugate; then collect real and imaginary parts), this becomes

    \[\label{13.8.2}Y=\frac{R+j\omega (L^2C\omega^2 +R^2C-L)}{R^2+L^2\omega^2}.\]

    The magnitude of the admittance is least when the susceptance is zero, which occurs at an angular frequency of


    If \(R << \sqrt{L/C}\) this is approximately \(1/\sqrt{LC}\).