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# 10: Antennas

An antenna is a transducer; that is, a device which converts signals in one form into another form. In the case of an antenna, these two forms are (1) conductor-bound voltage and current signals and (2) electromagnetic waves. Traditional passive antennas are capable of this conversion in either direction.

Thumbnail: Polar plots of the horizontal cross sections of a (virtual) Yagi-Uda-antenna. Outline connects points with 3 dB field power compared to an ISO emitter. (CC BY-SA 4.0 International; Timothy Truckle via Wikipedia)