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# 9.1: Introduction


Loudspeakers are typically specified with nominal impedance, often 8 ohms or 4 ohms, although other values are possible. The actual impedance of a typical loudspeaker can vary widely from this rating. In the exercise we shall examine the impedance of two different permanent magnet-voice coil type transducers with respect to frequency. Devices of this type normally exhibit a resonant peak in the bass end and a gradual rise in magnitude as frequency increases. Typical loudspeaker impedance is not nearly as consistent as simple resistors.

9.1: Introduction is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by James M. Fiore via source content that was edited to conform to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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