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18.4: Avogadro's Number and Boltzmann's Constant

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  • Avogadro's number is best determined by electrolytic deposition. That is, you have to measure the quantity of electricity (current times time) that will deposit a mole of a monovalent element from an electrolytic solution on to an electrode. This quantity of electricity is generally called a faraday, and is about 96,484 coulombs, and is the product of the electronic charge and Avogadro's number.

    Boltzmann's constant is given by k = R/NA.

    [It is likely that, in 2015, Avogadro’s Number and Boltzmann’s constant will be given defined values. See Section 6.1 of Chapter 6.]